Legal Guide

What Is a Criminal Lawyers' Role?

Although no law states that you need legal representation when filing a lawsuit or defending one. Still, getting a lawyer involved in any legal issues is always the intelligent thing to do. 

Having a defense lawyer for criminal allegations will help avoid several problems down the line and reduce your chances of getting jailed for a crime. 

Perhaps you are still not convinced that hiring a criminal lawyer is the right step after getting arrested or charged with a crime, and you need convincing. Then you've come to the right page. Here, we will discuss who criminal lawyers are and their roles in the system.  

Who is A Criminal Lawyer?

A criminal lawyer is an attorney that specializes in criminal law. Usually, such an individual has years of experience in this legal field. This type of attorney usually represents those accused of a crime or stands as the prosecution lawyer. 

Typically, the roles of a criminal lawyer include protecting the legal rights of those being abused, serving as the mouthpiece of their client, and provision of advice and guidance throughout the stages of the criminal justice system, including application for bail and guilty pleas, and court trials. 

What Do Criminal Lawyers Do?

A criminal attorney works to prevent the use of unreliable police evidence, corrupt practices, and other false practices to punish their client. They understand that when the state's power goes unchecked, it can lead to the wrongful conviction of an innocent individual or sending the wrong person to jail. 

Why Do Criminal Lawyers Defend Criminals?

Criminal attorneys are expected to act on the principles of law that guide a lawyer's actions. 

A criminal lawyer is not able to decide guilt or innocence, nor should they judge the individual they are representing. The court is meant to do that. It does this by hearing evidence and using the evidence to decide guilt or innocence and right or wrong. Criminal attorneys are relied on by the court to achieve a result in the interest of justice. They protect the client's rights and make sure the principles of law protect everyone and are kept to by the court and police. 

Roles of A Criminal Lawyer


Aside from asking the defendant pointed questions regarding the case, a criminal attorney can investigate more into the case to determine ways of getting the defendant acquitted. This process may involve asking the police questions about procedures relating to the case. It can also involve conversing with witnesses with helpful information on the case. Information collection may also be involved in the process. 

All information gathered ensures that a strong case is built on behalf of the defendant. If the case at hand is a type that involves an expert witness, the criminal attorney can also interview the witness on the testimony to be presented in court and on evidence that may be of help in the case. 

Evidence Analysis

To effectively analyze the evidence presented against a criminal defendant, one will require the help of a criminal attorney to study the facts and theories on the case patiently. The evidence may be tested independently by the criminal attorney and can also have it examined to confirm legal theories that may be against the client's conviction. 

Bargaining of Plea

A criminal defense lawyer also helps discuss the status of the case and hold negotiation talks with the prosecutor on any particular plea bargain. Your criminal defense attorney can help ensure a good deal, reducing charges or canceling possible punishment. 

Maintains Contact With the Client

One of the most important roles of a criminal attorney is to keep their client up to date on the state of the case by regularly feeding them with information. Also, the lawyer ensures that all conversations held with their client are kept confidential. It is the role of the criminal attorney to ensure their client gets all the information about the case for a better understanding of the consequences of their actions. 

Selection of Jury

One very important role of criminal defense attorneys is that they offer help selecting a jury. Your criminal lawyer can step in to remove jurors if they feel they may be biased against the defendant. Reasons for removal can sometimes be because they don't like the juror. 


Suppose a criminal defendant is sentenced for a crime, either due to the judge or jury's acceptance of a plea bargain or conviction or because a criminal defense attorney can help represent the defendant during the sentencing phase. The attorney may convince the judge or jury to reduce the time to be served or seek other alternatives to incarceration.

Participation in Trial

A criminal defense attorney is responsible for fighting for you during the trial. The attorney will examine witnesses, cross-examine State witnesses, and try as much as possible to convince the jury that the prosecution is failing to meet its burden of proof.

Before you hire any criminal defense attorney, you must do your best to learn about their responsibilities and roles. This way, you can keep track of their work progress effectively.

Since criminal defense attorneys play a key role in any criminal case and even the entire legal system, they must be well committed to their responsibilities and roles. Getting their clients' fair judgment will be nearly impossible without being committed to it. 

Suppose you or any of your family members have been accused of committing a crime. Hiring a criminal lawyer is always the best option. Having a criminal lawyer who knows their job well on your team can make a big difference in the final result. So do not hesitate to do proper research on whoever you will be hiring to represent you. Please make sure they are the best you can find around you. Never settle for just any lawyer. 

More to Read: